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Publications in Cell Metabolism by NOMIS researchers

NOMIS Researcher(s)

Published in

January 4, 2022

Inexorable increases in insulin resistance, lipolysis, and hepatic glucose production (HGP) are hallmarks of type 2 diabetes. Previously, we showed that peripheral delivery of exogenous fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) has robust anti-diabetic effects mediated by the adipose FGF receptor (FGFR) 1. However, its mechanism of action is not known. Here, we report that FGF1 acutely lowers HGP by suppressing adipose lipolysis. On a molecular level, FGF1 inhibits the cAMP-protein kinase A axis by activating phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D), which separates it mechanistically from the inhibitory actions of insulin via PDE3B. We identify Ser44 as an FGF1-induced regulatory phosphorylation site in PDE4D that is modulated by the feed-fast cycle. These findings establish the FGF1/PDE4 pathway as an alternate regulator of the adipose-HGP axis and identify FGF1 as an unrecognized regulator of fatty acid homeostasis.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Endocrinology & Metabolism

NOMIS Researcher(s)

Published in

November 3, 2020

Oh et al. identify diagnostic signatures for fibrosis from stool metagenomic and metabolomic profiling that, when combined with serum AST levels, distinguishes cirrhosis in mixed fibrosis cohort. Moreover, this combination signature was validated in racially and geographically independent cohorts.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Endocrinology & Metabolism

NOMIS Researcher(s)

Published in

August 6, 2019

Most neurons are not replaced during an animal’s lifetime. This nondividing state is characterized by extreme longevity and age-dependent decline of key regulatory proteins. To study the lifespans of cells and proteins in adult tissues, we combined isotope labeling of mice with a hybrid imaging method (MIMS-EM). Using 15N mapping, we show that liver and pancreas are composed of cells with vastly different ages, many as old as the animal. Strikingly, we also found that a subset of fibroblasts and endothelial cells, both known for their replicative potential, are characterized by the absence of cell division during adulthood. In addition, we show that the primary cilia of beta cells and neurons contains different structural regions with vastly different lifespans. Based on these results, we propose that age mosaicism across multiple scales is a fundamental principle of adult tissue, cell, and protein complex organization. Arrojo e Drigo et al. measure the age of cells and proteins using high-resolution isotope imaging and show that adult mouse organs are mosaics of cells of different ages. The liver, which has high turnover, contains cells as old as the animal, while cilia have differentially aged structural protein components.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Endocrinology & Metabolism