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Publications in Protein Databases by NOMIS researchers

NOMIS Researcher(s)

Published in

May 1, 2022

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteins and their structures have been implicated in aging and neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we used limited proteolysis–mass spectrometry (LiP–MS) to screen for new aging-associated changes in the CSF proteome using a modified analysis. We found 38 protein groups that change in abundance with aging, predominantly immunoglobulins of the IgM subclass. We discovered six high-confidence candidates that underwent structural changes with aging, of which Kng1, Itih2, Lp-PLA2 and 14-3-3 proteins have binding partners or chemical forms known previously to change in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Orthogonal validation by western blotting identified that the LiP–MS hit Cd5l forms a covalent complex with IgM in mouse and human CSF, the abundance of which increases with aging. In human CSF, SOMAmer probe signals for all six LiP–MS hits were associated with cognitive function and/or biomarkers of neurodegeneration, especially 14-3-3 proteins YWHAB and YWHAZ. Together, our findings show that LiP–MS can uncover age-related structural changes in CSF with relevance to neurodegeneration.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Biomedical Research, Developmental Biology