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Publications in Organic Chemistry by NOMIS researchers

NOMIS Researcher(s)

Published in

April 27, 2023

Macroautophagy is one of two major degradation systems in eukaryotic cells. Regulation and control of autophagy are often achieved through the presence of short peptide sequences called LC3 interacting regions (LIR) in autophagy-involved proteins. Using a combination of new protein-derived activity-based probes prepared from recombinant LC3 proteins, along with protein modeling and X-ray crystallography of the ATG3-LIR peptide complex, we identified a noncanonical LIR motif in the human E2 enzyme responsible for LC3 lipidation, ATG3. The LIR motif is present in the flexible region of ATG3 and adopts an uncommon β-sheet structure binding to the backside of LC3. We show that the β-sheet conformation is crucial for its interaction with LC3 and used this insight to design synthetic macrocyclic peptide-binders to ATG3. CRISPR-enabled in cellulo studies provide evidence that LIRATG3is required for LC3 lipidation and ATG3∼LC3 thioester formation. Removal of LIRATG3negatively impacts the rate of thioester transfer from ATG7 to ATG3. © 2023 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry