is our reward

Publications in Neurobiology of Disease by NOMIS researchers

NOMIS Researcher(s)

July 1, 2018

TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP43) plays a significant role in familiar and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The diverse postulated mechanisms by which TDP43 mutations cause the disease are not fully understood. Human wildtype and TDP43 S393L and G294V mutant spinal motor neuron cultures were differentiated from patient-derived iPSCs. Mutant hTDP43 and wildtype motor neuron cultures did not differ in neuron differentiation capacity during early maturation stage. During aging we detected a dramatic neurodegeneration including neuron loss and pathological neurofilament abnormalities only in TDP43 mutant cultures. Additionally mitochondria and lysosomes of aging spinal motor neurons revealed robust TDP43 mutation dependent abnormal phenotypes in size, shape, speed and motility which all appeared without TDP43 mislocalization or aggregation formation. Furthermore, D-sorbitol – known to induce stress granules and cytoplasmic mislocalization of TDP43 – rescued axonal trafficking phenotypes without signs of TDP43 mislocalization or aggregation formation. Our data indicate TDP43 mutation-dependent but cytosolic aggregation-independent mechanisms of motor neuron degeneration in TDP43 ALS.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Neurology & Neurosurgery