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Publications in International Journal of Pharmaceutics by NOMIS researchers

NOMIS Researcher(s)

August 30, 2020

Various living organisms, such as bacteria, plants, and animals can synthesize iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP). The mechanism of nanoparticle (NP) formation is usually described as relying on the reduction of ferric/ferrous iron ions into crystallized nanoparticulate iron that is surrounded by an organic stabilizing layer. The properties of these NP are characterized by a composition made of different types of iron oxide whose most stable and purest one appears to be maghemite, by a size predominantly comprised between 5 and 380 nm, by a crystalline core, by a surface charge which depends on the nature of the material coating the iron oxide, and by certain other properties such as a sterility, stability, production in mass, absence of aggregation, that have apparently only been studied in details for IONP synthesized by magnetotactic bacteria, called magnetosomes. In the majority of studies, bio-synthesized IONP are described as being biocompatible and as not inducing cytotoxicity towards healthy cells. Anti-tumor activity of bio-synthesized IONP has mainly been demonstrated in vitro, where this type of NP displayed cytotoxicity towards certain tumor cells, e.g. through the anti-tumor activity of IONP coating or through IONP anti-oxidizing property. Concerning in vivo anti-tumor activity, it was essentially highlighted for magnetosomes administered in different types of glioblastoma tumors (U87-Luc and GL-261), which were exposed to a series of alternating magnetic field applications, resulting in mild hyperthermia treatments at typical temperatures of 41–45 °C, leading to the full disappearance of these tumors without any observable side effects.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Pharmacology & Pharmacy