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Publications in Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring by NOMIS researchers

Introduction: Cortical thinning is a marker of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We investigated the age-related trajectory of cortical thickness across the lifespan (9-59 years) in a Colombian kindred with autosomal dominant AD (ADAD). Methods: Two hundred eleven participants (105 presenilin-1 [PSEN1] E280A mutation carriers, 16 with cognitive impairment; 106 non-carriers) underwent magnetic resonance imaging. A piecewise linear regression identified change-points in the age-related trajectory of cortical thickness in carriers and non-carriers. Results: Unimpaired carriers exhibited elevated cortical thickness compared to non-carriers, and thickness more negatively correlated with age and cognition in carriers relative to non-carriers. We found increased cortical thickness in child carriers, after which thickness steadied compared to non-carriers prior to a rapid reduction in the decade leading up to the expected age at cognitive impairment in carriers. Discussion: Findings suggest that cortical thickness may fluctuate across the ADAD lifespan, from early-life increased thickness to atrophy proximal to clinical onset.

Research field(s)
Health Sciences, Clinical Medicine, Neurology & Neurosurgery