NOMIS Distinguished Scientist Award 2017
Swiss newspaper Die Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ) has published an interview with NOMIS Distinguished Scientist Svante Pääbo about his work in the field of paleogenetics, and more specifically, about the relevance of Neandertal genes in humans today. Although Europeans carry at most 2 percent Neandertal-derived gene variants, certain diseases such as type 2 diabetes — which today is a global epidemic — have been traced back to Neandertal DNA.
The interview was originally published in German under the title, “Was der Neandertaler mit heutigen Krankheiten zu tun hat.”
NOMIS Awardee Karl Deisseroth, Stanford psychiatrist, neuroscientist and bioengineer, has won the Else Kröner Fresenius Preis für Medizinische Forschung 2017. The prize — world’s most valuable prize for scientific achievement — is presented every four years to a single scientist and comes with a cash award of 4 million euros.
NOMIS Distinguished Scientist Award winner Manos Tsakiris and his team of scientists have published the results of their research examining the connection between racial stereotypes and heartbeat in the journal Nature Communications.
By tapping into the phasic activation of arterial baroreceptors, known to be associated with changes in the neural processing of fearful stimuli, the team demonstrated activation of race-threat stereotypes synchronized with the cardiovascular cycle. In other words, our heartbeat can increase pre-existing racial biases when we face a potential threat.
Participants in the study were likely to misperceive a situation involving a black person as life-threatening, when experienced during cardiac systole rather than cardiac diastole. The heart’s firing of signals to the brain during cardiac systole, in combination with the concurrent presentation of a potential threat, increases the chances that even a non-threat will be perceived as threatening. This finding could provide valuable insight into understanding racially biased behavior, such as the high incidence of shootings of unarmed black people in the United States.
The research was conducted by scientists at Royal Holloway, University of London, working with Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS), and was enabled by the European Research Council and the NOMIS Foundation. More information can be found in the Royal Holloway press release.
The Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ), based in Zurich, Switzerland, has published an article about the work of NOMIS Distinguished Scientist Award winner Manos Tsakiris, who is leading and developing the Body and Image in Arts and Sciences (BIAS) project at the Warburg Institute, School of Advanced Study, University of London. The article, published in German (“Selbstwahrnehmung: Das ‘Ich’ in einer Welt aus Bildern”), highlights Tsakiris’ efforts to better understand how the barrage of images in today’s world influence the experience of embodiment and self-identity.
The BIAS project is enabled by the NOMIS Foundation.
On Oct. 6, 2016, a select group of world-renowned scientists and scholars as well as explorative research sponsors took part in the first NOMIS Distinguished Scientist Award ceremony at Villa Tobler in Zurich. Unlocking new insights by bridging scientific fields was the central theme of the evening and was underscored by the unique atmosphere of the historical avant-garde venue.
The inaugural NOMIS awardee is Manos Tsakiris, professor of psychology at Royal Holloway, University of London. Tsakiris presented his new research project, which is underway at the Warburg Institute in London. Based on the premise that culture is driven by images, the Body and Image in Arts and Science project (BIAS) seeks to shed new light on the interdependency between bodily responses and cognitive mechanisms in the way humans respond to images — in particular, how biological mechanisms and cultural factors shape human relationships in a culture powered by images.
By bringing neuroscientists, psychologists and scholars from the humanities together to investigate how images are “embodied” by the brain, Tsakiris is exploring new forms of scientific collaboration and exchange.
The NOMIS Distinguished Scientist Award enables exceptional scientists to explore unconventional academic paths, thereby forging new directions in science.